Tundra Biome

Animal Adaptations

Animals in the arctic tundra are adapted to long and cold winters, and to breed and raise their young quickly in the summer. Some animlas also have extra fat to keep themselves warm. Many animals in the tundra hibernate in the winter because there is not enough food, and others migrate south instead.


- Polar Bears

- Grizzly Bears

- Tundra Bumblebees

- Snowy Owl

- White Wolf 


Animals in the Tundra

Some mammals are: pikas, marmots, mountain goats, sheep, elk, lemmings, voles, caribou, arctic hares and squirrels, arctic foxes, wolves, and polar bears. The ones i chose were... 


- Polar bears are one of the most common animals in the tundra. Polar bears survive in a snowy area that includes igloos and caves. They survive in the freezing cold by having their fur, which is thick layers, that keeps them warm. Polar bears live in the tundra because if they traveled to an area that was to hot, they would die from the heat. 




- It turns out that grizzly bears do live in the tundra. brown grizzly bears are very adaptable. One race or another can be found in most any type of habitat, except the polar regions. In the past there was a race, Mexican grizzlies, that lived in the arid regions of North Americas deserts.




- Tundra bumblebees are of course animals that live in the tundra. It shivers its flight muscles to generate heat, and it also has dense hair on its body which slows heat loss to the air. These animals are also found in Canada, Alaska, and some other arctic islands.




- Snowy Owls survive in the tundra by always blending in with its surroundings. Just like in the winter, their feathers turn white so it blends into the snow. To keep warm they tuck their wings under their stomach. To be safe from not being eaten they nest under the snow. 




- White wolves can live up to 10-14 years. They normally live in areas that are arctic and where the color of their coat gives them camouflage. This also includes Alaska, Northern Canada, Russia, and Scandinavia.



Plant adaptations

Many tundra plants have adapted to stay out of wind and cold. Most plants are small with short roots. They grow low to the ground, and some grow in groups. Tundra plants also carry out photosynthesis at lower temperatures than most. A lot of the plants have dark leaves which keeps in sunlight which keeps them warm. The growing season is very short, about 60 days. So the plants are dormant, which means they are alive, but they do not grow after the season. The Red Bearberry is an example of dark leaves.

Plants in the Tundra

Red Bearberry, Labrador Tea, Arctic Moss, Tufted Saxifrage, tussock grasses, dwarf trees, small-leafed shrubs, heaths, low shrubs, reindeer mosses, grasses, and 400 different types of flowers.



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